The History of Coffee in Costa Rica

In the verdant landscapes of Costa Rica lies a story as rich and inviting as the coffee that grows here.  

Costa Rica is synonymous with biodiversity, sustainability, and the pura vida lifestyle. The country holds a deep relationship with coffee. It’s a symbol of culture, a pillar of the economy, and a testament to its rich history.  

Since the 19th century, Costa Rican coffee has shaped not just the economic backbone of this Central American nation but also its very identity. The coffee industry blossomed from humble beginnings to become a globally recognized standard-bearer of excellence and sustainability in coffee production. This journey of coffee beans is a captivating tale of growth, challenges, and triumphs.  

As we delve into the Costa Rican coffee guide and pour into history pages, we’ll discover how this small country became one of the world’s largest coffee producers.  

We’ll traverse the eras of coffee origin, its growth, challenges, cultural impacts, and Costa Rica’s coffee history.

costa rica coffee history

The Arrival of Coffee in Costa Rica 

The introduction of coffee to Costa Rica in 1779 marked the beginning of a significant era. The coffee beans origin is clouded in mystery, and their journey has been long and intricate. While the details of who first brought them and why are unknown, their impact is unmistakable. 

Initially, coffee farming in Costa Rica was a local affair. Farmers began cultivating coffee for domestic use. Regions like San José, Alajuela, Heredia, and Cartago offered perfect conditions for coffee cultivation. With its rich volcanic soil and ideal climate, the Central Valley became the heartland of this burgeoning industry.   

However, the journey was challenging. Farmers had to learn the intricate practices of cultivating coffee plantations in Costa Rica to adapt to their needs. They faced issues like managing pests, understanding the climate requirements, and perfecting their harvesting techniques. 

By 1820, the country began exporting coffee, initially to its neighbors in Central and South America, starting with Panama and then Chile. It was a significant shift from local to international focus. In less than a decade, the revenue from coffee exports surpassed that of traditional crops like tobacco and sugar. This economic success transformed the lives of many involved in farming and exporting.  

Coffee not only transformed the agricultural landscape but also became a cornerstone of its economy. This early period laid the foundation for the Costa Rican coffee industry, setting the stage for the significant growth and cultural integration that would follow.  

The Coffee Boom 

The boom of the coffee industry in Costa Rica was a period of remarkable transformation. By the mid-19th century, coffee had become the cornerstone of the national economy. This era was marked by rapid expansion in cultivation and a significant increase in exports, especially to Europe. 

The economic impact was profound. The wealth generated from coffee exports fueled infrastructure development, including constructing the Atlantic Railroad and the National Theater. These projects not only showcased the country’s prosperity but also connected Costa Rica more closely to international markets and cultures. 

Did you know that the coffee boom brought about a new middle class? It was a game-changer for social dynamics. Landowners, traders, and businesspeople prospered, altering the country’s social fabric. The economy from coffee also funded education and cultural initiatives, leading to a more educated populace and a vibrant cultural scene. 

Foreign investment and trade played a crucial role. European and North American investors were attracted to the coffee industry, bringing capital, technology, and new farming methods. This global interaction further integrated Costa Rica into the world economy and influenced local culture and society. 

The Impact of Coffee on Costa Rican Culture  

Coffee has deeply influenced Costa Rican culture and daily life, merging seamlessly with the rich tapestry of Costa Rican food. It’s more than a beverage; it’s a symbol of hospitality, a centerpiece of social gatherings, and a ritual in everyday life.  

In homes, the afternoon ‘cafecito’ time is a cherished tradition where family and friends gather over coffee to chat, relax, and enjoy local Costa Rican food items to try with coffee. This might include sweet pastries or savory empanadas, showcasing the perfect pairing of Costa Rican culinary delights with its world-renowned coffee. 

The coffee break, known locally as “la merienda,” is a daily practice in workplaces and homes. During the coffee harvest season, communities come together to celebrate festivals and highlight the social and communal importance of the beans.   

Challenges Faced by the Coffee Industry 

The journey of Costa Rican coffee has been challenging. Over the years, the industry has navigated various obstacles, adapting and evolving in response. 

1. Environmental Challenges and Disease: One of the major hurdles has been environmental. The coffee rust disease, also known as ‘Roya,’ hit the industry hard, affecting yields and quality. Climate change has further complicated matters, with unpredictable weather patterns and increased pests. 

2. Market Fluctuations and Economic Pressures: The global coffee market is volatile, with prices often subject to dramatic fluctuations. This instability can significantly impact farmers, particularly smallholders who rely heavily on coffee for their livelihoods. Economic pressures also arise from the need to compete in a global market that increasingly demands high-quality, specialty coffee.  

3. Technological Advancements and Farming Techniques: Coffee farmers have turned to technological advancements and innovative farming techniques to address these challenges. This includes adopting more sustainable coffee farming practices for better crop management and experimenting with new varieties of coffee that are more resistant to diseases and climate change. 

4. Impact of Global Trends and Consumer Demands: The industry also had to adapt to changing global trends and consumer demands, including a shift towards more sustainable and ethically produced coffee. Producers have responded by focusing on quality, sustainability, and traceability, appealing to a more conscious and discerning global consumer base.  

5. The Shift to Sustainable Practices: One significant development in the industry has been the shift towards sustainability. Costa Rica has been a leader in this area, with many farms implementing eco-friendly practices such as reducing pesticide use, protecting biodiversity, and using coffee byproducts to generate energy. 

These challenges and developments illustrate the dynamic nature of the coffee industry. The sector continues to thrive and adapt to changing conditions through innovation, resilience, and a commitment to quality and sustainability. 

coffee origin

Current Reputation of Costa Rican Coffee in the World Market 

Costa Rican coffee is known worldwide for its high quality, making it some of the best coffee in the world. Its success comes from a mix of rich soils, an ideal climate, and sustainable farming. A commitment to excellence and innovation backs this reputation. The table below highlights why this coffee stands out globally, combining tradition with sustainability.  

Aspect Details about Costa Rican Coffee 
Quality Perception High-quality, premium beans renowned for their exceptional flavor profiles. 
Sustainability Reputation Known for eco-friendly and sustainable coffee farming practices. 
Market Demand Strong demand in specialty coffee markets globally, especially in the U.S. and Europe. 
Price Range Generally priced higher due to quality, catering to a premium market segment. 
Consumer Perception Viewed as a luxury product among coffee enthusiasts for its unique taste and quality. 
Innovation and Trends Leading in innovative and experimental processing methods, attracting specialty coffee connoisseurs. 
Sustainability Certifications High rate of farms with Rainforest Alliance, Fair Trade, and other sustainability certifications. 

Comparison of Costa Rican Coffee with Other Regions  

Coffee from Costa Rica sets itself apart on the global stage, offering a unique blend of flavors that distinguishes it from other regions. This comparison underscores the country’s commitment to quality Arabica beans, sustainable practices, and a flavor profile enriched by the nation’s volcanic soil and microclimates.  

The table below showcases how coffee culture and production methods contrast with and influence global coffee trends, highlighting the country’s role in shaping the tastes of coffee enthusiasts around the world. 

Aspect of Leadership Costa Rica Global Context 
Quality of Beans Known for high-quality, strictly Arabica beans. While many regions produce Arabica, few match Costa Rica’s consistent quality. 
Sustainability Practices Pioneers in sustainable and eco-friendly farming, with a high percentage of Rainforest Alliance and Fair Trade certifications. Sustainability varies widely; Costa Rica is among the leaders in eco-friendly practices. 
Innovative Processing Leaders in experimenting with honey and natural processing methods. Most coffee regions are traditional in processing; Costa Rica stands out for innovation. 
Environmental Conservation Integrates coffee farming with biodiversity conservation. Not all coffee regions prioritize environmental conservation as part of coffee cultivation. 
Specialty Coffee Market Strong presence in the specialty coffee market, known for unique flavor profiles. Costa Rica’s specialty coffees are more globally recognized compared to many other regions. 
Global Influence Influential in global discussions on coffee sustainability and quality. Costa Rica’s influence exceeds its size in the global coffee discourse. 
Costa Rican History

Costa Rica’s Coffee Revolution – A Journey Beyond the Cup 

Costa Rica stands out for its exceptional quality and sustainable practices in the world of coffee. This small nation has made a huge impact, blending tradition with innovation to produce coffee that’s not only delicious but also environmentally responsible. The story of Costa Rican coffee is a testament to how dedication and respect for nature can brew excellence.  

At Villa Firenze, we celebrate rich coffee history every morning. The experience at our luxury villa in Costa Rica transcends the ordinary, offering a deep dive into the culture and flavors that define Costa Rica. Here, coffee is not just a drink; it’s a journey into the heart of Costa Rican tradition.  

Each cup represents more than just flavor; it embodies the rich history of coffee in Costa Rica and a commitment to a better, more sustainable future.

A Guide to Costa Rican Coffee – The Best Way to Kickstart Your Every Morning

Attention, coffee lovers: Prepare to embark on a flavorful journey! Today, we delve into the captivating world of Costa Rican coffee, where every sip promises to ignite your senses and elevate your morning routine to new heights. If you want to enhance your morning routine with the perfect cup of joe, look no further! This blog is here to guide you on your journey to crafting the most aromatic morning cup of the finest Costa Rica coffee beans.  

The Costa Rican Coffee Story  

The fascinating tale of Costa Rica coffee began in the early 19th century when coffee plants first appeared in this picturesque land. The ideal combination of fertile volcanic soil, high-altitude terrains, and a mild climate quickly became a coffee grower’s paradise, and this is a lesser known fact about Costa Rican Coffee. As the cultivation of Costa Rica coffee gained momentum, it became a crucial aspect of the country’s agricultural landscape.   

Costa Rica’s coffee pioneers recognized the potential of their land. They implemented sustainable practices that ensured the growth of top-quality beans and contributed to the preservation of the environment.    

Costa Rica Coffee Guide

The Role of Coffee in Shaping the Nation’s Economy and Culture   

Over the decades, coffee has played a vital role in shaping Costa Rica’s economy and culture. The “golden bean” became a major export crop, bringing economic prosperity to the nation. This newfound wealth led to infrastructure, education, and healthcare investments, driving the country’s development.  

Moreover, coffee became deeply intertwined with Costa Rican traditions and way of life. It fostered a strong sense of community as families worked together during the harvest season, and coffee breaks became an essential social ritual, providing moments of connection and camaraderie.   

Coffee Production Regions in Costa Rica  

  1. Tarrazú: This region produces the best Costa Rican coffee with a bright acidity and floral aroma, boasting a delightful combination of citrus and berry notes.  
  1. Heredia: Heredia’s beans, known for their balanced coffee with medium acidity and a smooth body, often exhibit hints of chocolate and nuts, pleasing the palates of many coffee enthusiasts.  
  1. Tres Rios: These beans are celebrated for their elegant sweetness, distinct acidity, and delicate floral fragrance, providing a sophisticated and refined coffee experience.  
  1. Brunca: Coffee from this region exudes a rich, full-bodied flavor with a pleasant spiciness and a hint of sweetness, making it a favorite among those who enjoy bold, robust brews.  
  1. Orosi: Renowned for its velvety texture and pronounced fruity undertones, Orosi coffee offers a unique taste that lingers on the taste buds, leaving a lasting impression.    

Costa Rican Coffee Varieties  

Delving into the world of Costa Rican coffee opens a delightful realm of diverse flavors and aromatic profiles. To truly understand the unique characteristics of this exceptional brew, it’s essential to explore the different coffee varieties cultivated in this enchanting land.   

Arabica vs. Robusta: The Distinction and Preference  

Costa Rican coffee predominantly falls into two main categories: Arabica and Robusta. Arabica, celebrated for its premium quality, represents the majority of coffee grown in the country. Renowned for its nuanced flavors and pleasant acidity, Arabica beans deliver a sophisticated and refined coffee experience.   

On the other hand, Robusta, with its higher caffeine content and robust, earthy taste, caters to those who prefer a bolder and more intense cup of coffee. While both varieties have merits, Costa Rican coffee lovers often lean towards Arabica for its exceptional taste and flavor. Costa Rica is home to a significant list of coffee bean variants.  

Let’s have a quick glance over some of them.    

  1. Caturra: Known for its excellent cup quality and smooth taste, Caturra comes at the top of the list of best Costa Rican coffee.   
  1. Catuai: A hybrid of Mundo Novo and Caturra, Catuai boasts a balanced flavor with a pleasant sweetness, making it a popular choice for blending and single-origin coffees.   
  1. Typica: A classic coffee variety with a rich history, Typica offers a well-balanced cup with floral and fruity notes, embodying the essence of Costa Rican coffee.  
  1. Villa Sarchi: Derived from Bourbon, Villa Sarchi is world-famous for its exceptional cup profile, acidity, and fruity undertones. 
  1. Geisha (also Gesha): Gaining international acclaim, Geisha is known for its extraordinary complexity, captivating floral aromas, and tea-like body, making it a highly sought-after specialty coffee.   

From Bean to Cup: The Coffee Production Process   

Costa Rican coffee cultivation is a labor of love, deeply rooted in tradition and expertise, which is why Costa Rican coffee is the best in the world. Coffee plantations, often family-owned and operated, take great pride in nurturing their crops to produce the finest beans possible. The process begins with meticulous soil preparation and selecting the ideal coffee varietals suited to the region’s microclimates. Farmers closely monitor the growth of coffee plants, ensuring they receive the right amount of shade and sunlight for optimal development.   

Sustainable farming practices are employed to maintain the health and quality of the coffee plants, avoiding harmful chemicals and embracing organic alternatives. Farmers work harmoniously with nature, understanding the delicate balance required to create a thriving coffee ecosystem.  

Harvesting, Processing, and Drying Method  

Harvesting: The moment of harvest marks a crucial stage in the coffee production process. Harvesting: hand-picking is common in Costa Rica, where skilled pickers carefully choose only the ripest coffee cherries, ensuring a consistent and premium-quality yield. This method prevents unripe or overripe cherries from being collected, resulting in a more refined and balanced flavor profile.   

Processing: Once harvested, the coffee cherries undergo processing. There are two primary methods: the wet process and the dry cycle. The wet process involves the removal of the outer skin and fruit pulp from the coffee seeds before drying. This method often produces a cleaner, brighter cup with pronounced acidity and floral notes.   

Drying: The drying process covers the following steps:   

  1. Sun-drying the whole coffee cherries.  
  1. Allowing the seeds to absorb the fruity sugars.  
  1. Yielding coffee with a fuller body and more pronounced natural sweetness.  

The coffee seeds, commonly called green coffee beans, are meticulously dried after the processing stage. Proper drying prevents mold and spoilage, ensuring the beans retain their vibrant flavors. Costa Rican farmers take great care during this phase, using raised drying beds or patios to facilitate even drying and consistent air circulation. This attention to detail is pivotal in enhancing the coffee’s quality and taste.   

Unveiling the Secrets of Costa Rican Coffee Roasting  

In the heart of Costa Rica’s coffee culture lies a well-guarded secret: the art of coffee roasting. Behind the scenes, skilled roasters masterfully transform humble green Costa Rica coffee beans into delightful brews that enchant coffee enthusiasts worldwide.   

The Different Roast Levels and Their Impact on Taste  

Costa Rican coffee roasters offer diverse roast levels to cater to various palates and preferences. Each roast level imparts distinct characteristics to the coffee, allowing consumers to explore different flavors.   

  1. Light Roast: This roast preserves the unique attributes of the coffee’s origin, highlighting its delicate acidity and intricate floral and fruity notes. The body is more lightweight, allowing the nuances of the bean’s flavor to shine through.  
  1. Medium Roast: A medium roast unveils a fuller taste profile with subtle sweetness and balances acidity and body, making it a popular choice for many coffee enthusiasts.  
  1. Medium-Dark Roast: This roast level introduces deeper caramelization and a richer body, bringing out chocolaty undertones and a more pronounced sweetness.  
  1. Dark Roast: Costa Rican dark roasts offer bold, robust flavors with reduced acidity. The beans develop smoky, toasty notes, and their oils may surface on the surface, leading to a shiny appearance.  

Brew your Perfect Morning cup with Various Brewing Methods  

In the world of coffee enthusiasts, achieving the perfect cup is akin to unlocking a treasure trove of flavors and aromas. Mastering the art of coffee brewing is an adventure that spans various variables, from the choice of beans and their grind size to the brewing method and water temperature.  

Drip Coffee Maker  

Ideal for convenience, drip coffee makers are a popular choice for busy mornings. Water passes through a coffee grounds filter, gradually dripping into the carafe below. It offers a consistent and hassle-free brewing process, delivering a balanced cup with mild acidity and a medium body.   

French Press  

Embrace a full-bodied and robust coffee experience with the French press. Coarsely ground coffee is steeped in hot water before being separated with a press, resulting in a rich and flavorful brew with pronounced coffee oils and depth.  


Pour-over brewing allows for precise control over the brewing process. Hot water is manually poured over coffee grounds in a filter, allowing you to regulate the flow and extraction. This method produces a clean and vibrant cup with nuanced flavors. 

Espresso Machine  

Espresso machines force hot water through finely-ground coffee under high pressure, creating a concentrated espresso shot. Espresso is the foundation for coffee-based drinks like cappuccinos, lattes, and Americanos.  


This portable and versatile brewing device combines French press and espresso elements. It yields a smooth and clean cup with adjustable strength by adjusting variables such as water temperature and brewing time.    

The Significance of Water Temperature and Grind Size in Extraction  

Mastering the art of coffee brewing involves understanding the balance between coffee-to-water ratio, brewing methods, water temperature, and grind size. By exploring and experimenting with these variables, you can tailor your coffee brewing process to create a cup that perfectly suits your taste preferences, ensuring that every morning begins with a satisfying and delightful coffee experience.  

Water Temperature: Water temperature plays a crucial role in coffee extraction. Ideally, water should be heated to around 195°F to 205°F (90°C to 96°C) for optimal flavor extraction. Water that is too hot can result in a bitter and over-extracted brew, while water that is too cold may lead to under-extraction, resulting in a weak and sour cup.  

Grind Size: The size of the coffee grounds determines how quickly the flavors extract during brewing. For example, a coarser grind is ideal for French press brewing, allowing for a slower extraction and a fuller-bodied cup. On the other hand, a finer grind suits espresso machines, facilitating quicker extraction and a concentrated shot.  

Coffee in Costa Rica

Pairing your Costa Rican Coffee with Local Delights   

Costa Rican coffee is renowned for its exceptional flavor and unique profiles, making it the perfect companion to various local breakfast treats and dishes. When you’re in Costa Rica, experiencing the full potential of its coffee culture involves indulging in the local food items to try with coffee.   

Traditional Costa Rican Breakfast Treats that Complement Coffee  

  1. Gallo Pinto: A classic Costa Rican breakfast dish featuring a mouthwatering combination of black beans, white rice, bell peppers, and onions. The earthy and robust flavors of Gallo Pinto harmonize beautifully with Costa Rican coffee’s rich, smooth taste.  
  1. Casado: While typically served as a lunch dish, Casado makes a fantastic breakfast option for those who crave a heartier start to the day. The delight typically includes rice, black beans, plantains, a fresh salad, and your choice of meat. Its diverse flavors contrast with coffee, elevating your morning meal to a new level.  
  1. Tamales: A beloved Costa Rican delicacy made from corn dough filled with seasoned meat and steamed in banana leaves. The comforting and savory nature of tamales complements the coffee’s natural sweetness, resulting in a delightful balance of tastes.  
  1. Pan con Huevo: If you prefer a simple breakfast, look at Pan con Huevo. It consists of a soft bun filled with scrambled eggs, creating a satisfying and straightforward pairing with your cup of coffee.  

Sweet and Savory Dishes that Enhance the Coffee Experience  

  1. Arroz con Leche: Arroz con Leche is a creamy and comforting rice pudding showcasing Costa Rican coffee’s warm and inviting flavors. Combining the dessert’s cinnamon and vanilla notes with the coffee’s aroma will leave you wanting more.  
  1. Platanos Maduros: These sweet, ripe plantains are a popular side dish and make an excellent accompaniment to coffee. The caramelized sugars in the Platanos maduros add a delightful sweetness to your coffee-sipping experience.  
  1. Tres Leches Cake: This luscious sponge cake soaked in three types of milk is a divine treat to enjoy alongside your Costa Rican coffee. The cake’s sweetness contrasts with the coffee’s bitterness, creating a heavenly balance of flavors.  
  1. Empanadas: The crispy, flaky pastry can be seen plated in most of the Costa Rican diet meals. Whether filled with cheese, meat, or beans, empanadas offer a savory delight that pairs wonderfully with coffee.    

Best Spots to Try Coffee in Costa Rica  

Exploring the local coffee scene is essential to any trip to this coffee-rich nation. From charming coffee plantations to popular cafes in Costa Rica, there are numerous spots where you can indulge in the exquisite flavors of Costa Rican coffee.   

Coffee Plantations  

Visiting a coffee plantation is an immersive and educational experience. Take advantage of the opportunity to sample freshly brewed coffee from beans grown on the plantation. Doka Estate, Hacienda Alsacia, and the coffee tour of Café Britt in Costa Rica are among the top coffee plantations.   

Specialty Coffee Shops  

Costa Rica boasts a vibrant coffee culture with many specialty coffee shops in various cities and towns. The baristas are passionate about their craft and will gladly share their knowledge of the r knowledge of best Costa Rican coffee varieties and brewing methods. Keep spots like Viva Café in San Jose, Caféoteca in Escazu, or Café Milagro in Manuel Antonio on your list for experiencing one of the top adventures in Costa Rica.   

Cafés in Traditional Towns  

Venture into the heart of Costa Rica’s traditional towns, and you’ll find quaint coffee shops that have been part of the local fabric for generations. In cities like Heredia, Cartago, and Grecia, explore the cobbled streets to discover hidden gems where you can relish a cup of coffee steeped in tradition.   

Villa Firenze  

The renowned Villa Firenze is among the standout places to enjoy coffee in Costa Rica. Located in the picturesque Puntaneras, Villa Firenze is not just a luxury villa but an enchanting experience. This elegant estate, surrounded by lush gardens, exudes old-world charm and provides an unforgettable ambiance for savoring Costa Rican coffee.  

Villa Firenze offers visitors the chance to enjoy a cup of coffee while basking in the natural beauty of the surrounding landscape. The estate’s coffee comes from meticulous sourcing and a perfect roast, ensuring every sip delights the senses. The breathtaking setting, the rich flavors of Costa Rican coffee, and the staff’s warm hospitality make Villa Firenze a must-visit destination for coffee enthusiasts.    

Sustainable Coffee Tours in Costa Rica   

In recent years, sustainable tourism in Costa Rica has gained traction, emphasizing the responsible exploration of coffee farms and its positive impact on local communities. Let’s take a closer look at sustainable coffee tourism, which coffee lovers as much as a hot cup of brewed coffee.   

Immersive Coffee Plantation Tours  

Sustainable coffee tourism in Costa Rica goes beyond simply walking through the fields. It offers visitors an immersive experience where they can actively participate in coffee-making with the assistance of Costa Rica coffee guides. Travelers get the chance to pluck ripe coffee cherries, learn about the art of coffee cultivation, and even try their hand at processing the beans.   

Starbucks Coffee Farm Experience  

Among the prominent Costa Rica coffee brand is the Starbucks Coffee Farm in Costa Rica. As part of Starbucks’ commitment to ethical sourcing, they’ve opened their coffee farm to visitors. The tour takes guests from seedling to cup, emphasizing sustainable practices and their efforts to support local coffee communities.

For an exciting journey of aromatic wonders, book your stay in Villa Firenze. Visitors at Villa Firenze love to take Starbucks Coffee farm tours.   

Luxury Villa in Costa Rica


Costa Rica coffee offers a magical journey that transcends mere beans and brews. From its smooth, velvety textures to the bright, vibrant notes, Costa Rican coffee becomes more than just a beverage; it becomes a cherished companion that brightens our day and fuels our passion for life.   

So, as the sun rises and a new day begins, let us raise our cups to toast the essence of Costa Rican coffee – a treasure that fills our mornings with joy, connects us to a captivating culture, and reminds us to find delight in the simplest pleasures.